This group of soldiers was established after the Civil War when Congress passed a bill to establish a peacetime military unit Provisions in this bill created six regiments of colored troops-four infantry (foot soldiers) and two cavalry (on horseback)-of about 1,000 men each. Many of them were freed slaves who enlisted in what was organized as the 9th a
The Buffalo Soldiers served at Wounded Knee with Teddy Roosevelt in Cuba, battled Crazy Horse, helped capture Geronimo and Billy the Kid and strung telegraph lines across the West. Buffalo soldiers endured and overcame tremendous social and environmental obstacles for more than twenty-five years. After the return of all black units from the Spanish American War in 1898, many of the troops from the 10th Cavalry were assigned to Camp Albert G. Force in Huntsville, Alabama. The campsite was located off Pulaski Pike between University Drive and Oakwood in the Calvary Hill community. Cavalry Hill community, Cavalry Hill Elementary and the Calvary Hill Friendship Neighborhood Center are named in recognition of these brave troop who were also honored by President Roosevelt and Commander “Black Jack” Pershing for their valor and contribution to America.