1. 2002-Slavery Purchased America’s Freedom: While the white Americans profit from slave trade, they actually benefited from the slave system to fund the war against England. As one historian put it, Americans actually purchased their freedom with products grown by slaves and then traded to the French during the War of Independence. Before the war, agricultural products such as rice, indigo, and tobacco all produced by enslaved  Africans were America’s most valuable exports. Without the slave trade and slavery, America would never have been able to generate the wealth to gain its freedom from England, at least in the 1700’s. As a member of the British Parliament acknowledged after the war. I know not why we should blush to confess slavery was an essential ingredient of American Independence.
  2. 1992-Los Angeles begins clean up and rebuilding. Los Angeles begins clean up and rebuilding after the Rodney King riots (58 deaths, 600 fires, 1 billion dollars of property damage)
  3. 1968-Poor People’s March led by Ralph Abernathy begin.
  4. 1963-Protesters arrested in Birmingham, Alabama. An established 2,543 African American and white civil rights demonstrators protesting segregation were arrested and jailed in Birmingham, Alabama.
  5. 1920-First game of the National Negro Baseball League; it was played in Indianapolis.
  6. 1870-William Seymour was born in Centerville, Louisiana. He is credited as being the inspirational force behind the birth of Pentecostalism in the United States.
  7. 1845-Macon B. Allen, first African American admitted to the bar in Massachusetts; the previous year he was admitted to the bar in Maine making him the first licensed African American attorney in the U.S.A.
  8. 1844-Elijah McCoy, master inventor, holder of over 50 patents and source of the phrase “the real McCoy” was born.