1. 1971-Vernon E. Jordan Jr., former executive director of the United Negro College Fund, appointed Executive Director of the National Urban League.
  2. 1968-Ellen Holly becomes the first African American  on daytime television as “Carla” One Life to Live.
  3. 1921-Bessie Coleman attended the “…Ecole d’Aviation des Freres Caudron at Le Crotoy in Somme for a 10 month flight training course. Flying a French Nieuport Type 82, Bessie finished the course three months early and obtained her Federation Aeronautique Internationale (FAI) license becoming the first woman of any race to do so directly.
  4. 1921-Errol Garner was born in Pittsburgh, PA
  5. 1897-R.A. Butler patents train alarm with Patent#157,370
  6. 1877-Henry O. Flipper received degree at West Point and became the first Black graduate.
  7. 1864-Congress helped Blacks in the military. Congress passed bill equalizing pay, arms, equipment and medical services of Black troops.
  8. 1864-The Strategies of War. Grant outwitted Lee by shifting campaign from Cold Harbor to Petersburg. Surprise attack by Gen. W.F. (“Baldy”) Smith succeeded by Smith hesitated and permitted rebels to reinforce their lines. Gen. Charles J. Paine’s division spear-headed 1f380b59-d1b5-4648-9c1e-45634d05fcf9the attack, knocking mile-wide hole in Petersburg defense and capturing 200-300 rebels that day.