1971-Mayor declared a state of emergency in Columbus, Ga., racial disturbance.

1969-State troops ordered to Cairo, Ill., to quell racial disturbances.

1968-Solidarity Day March of Poor People’s Campaign. Fifty thousand demonstrators participated in Solidarity Day March of Poor People’s Campaign. Marchers walked from Washington Monument to Lincoln Monument, where they were addressed by Vice-President Humphrey, presidential candidate Eugene McCarthy, Coretta Scott King and Ralph Abernathy.

1953- Bus Boycott Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

1918-John H. Johnson, Editor and Publisher of JET and Ebony magazines, founder of Johnson Publishing Company, the most successful African American publishing company in the U.S., owner of Fashion Fair cosmetics, and the first African American owned radio station in Chicago was born.

1868-Maj. Gen. E.R.S. Canby removed the mayor and aldermen of Columbia, S.C., and made new appointments, including three Blacks: C.M. Wilder, Joseph franchise Blacks.

1865-Although the Emancipation Proclamation was issued in 1863, slavery continued in Texas until June 19, 1865, when word reached Galveston, Texas that all slaves in Texas were free. One third of the people of Texas were slaves at that time. Juneteenth was celebrated annually with picnics and barbecues at public emancipation grounds, some of which are used to this day. Juneteenth became a legal state holiday in 1980.

1864-Infamous duel between the USS Kearsage and the CSS Alabama off Cherbourg, France, a brave Black sailor, Joachim Pease, displayed “marked coolness” and won a Congressional Medal of Honor.