Keynote speaker Walter E. Fauntroy, speaks to the crowd, during the 55th Annual Greater Harrisburg Area NAACP Branch Freedom Fund Dinner at the Radisson Penn Harris Hotel in Camp Hill Saturday October 10, 2009. CHRIS KNIGHT, The Patriot-News
  1. 2002-Militia Integrated in the War of Independence: The first integrated army in American history was the colonial militia that fought the early battles of the War of Independence African American minutemen fought on the front lines in the first battles against British authority: African Americans assembled at Lexington and Concord on this date, to defend Boston against a threatened attack by His Majesty’s regiments. One of the first to see combat was Prince Easterbrooks, a Lexington slave, who was a member of Captain John Parker’s company and who was wounded at the battle of Concord. He survived, however, to fight in many other companies throughout the Revolutionary War. Another was Barzillai Lew, who joined the 27th Massachusetts Regiment, fought at Bunker Hill, and severed  in the army for seven years. Although the Continental Army tried to exclude African Americans at the time during the conflict, and some states raised all-Black units, free African Americans and slave militiamen served alongside of white militiamen in many battles from Bunker Hill to Yorktown.
  2. 1989-Republic Day in Sierra Leone
  3. 1978-Max Robinson is the first African American to anchor network news. The network is ABC.
  4. 1977-Alex Haley receives a special Pulitzer Prize for “Roots”
  5. 1971-Walter Fauntroy takes office as the first elected Congressional Representative from the District of Columbia since Reconstruction.
  6. 1960-First Black to Lead Army Division. Maj. Gen. Frederic E. Davidson assumed command of the Eighth Infantry Division in Germany and became the first Black to lead an army division.
  7. 1960-Loss of teaching jobs. National Education Association study revealed that Blacks had lost thirty thousand teaching jobs since 1954 in seventeen Southern and Border states because of discrimination and desegregation.
  8. 1960-Demonstrators Arrested. Home of Z. Alexander Looby, counsel for 153 students arrested in sit-in demonstrations, destroyed by dynamite bomb. More than eighty-three demonstrators indicted in Atlanta, Georgia, on charges stemming from the sit-in demonstrations at Atlanta restaurants. Two thousand students marched on the Nashville City Hall in protest. One hundred Black students, carrying rifles and shotguns seized the Student Building at Cornell University to protest University “racism”
  9. 1947-Jackie Robinson becomes the first African American major league baseball player.
  10. 1910-The National Urban League was formed in New York City. The league was born out of a merger of the National League for the Protection of Colored Women, National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes and the Niagra Movement.
  11. 1866-African American citizens of Washington, D.C. celebrated the abolition of slavery. 4,000-5,000 people assembled to the White House addressed by Andrew Johnson. Led by two black regiments the spectators, and the procession proceeded up the Pennsylvania Avenue to Franklin Square for religious services and speeches by prominent politicians. The sign on top of the platform read: “We have received our civil rights. Give us the right of suffrage and the work is done.”
  12. 1837-Cheyney University is founded in Cheyney, PA.
  13. 1775-Black and white minutemen fought British soldiers at Lexington and Concord.