1. 2002-Roberta Flack’s “The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face” is named Song and Record of the Year at Grammy’s.
  2. 1991-Rodney King is beaten by a group of white policemen in Los Angeles, Calif.
  3. 1990-Carole Gist crowned first Black Miss USA.
  4. 1968-COINTELPRO Memorandum sent to field offices of the FBI set goals for what was termed as a new “counterintelligence program” against African American Nationalist groups. The objective was to block attempts by targeted groups to coalesce, grow and exist. The agency believed unity was the “first step toward a Mau-Mau-style uprising” in the United States and the beginning of a “Black Revolution.” The FBI hierarchy further believed their efforts would prevent the rise of a “Black Messiah” who could unify and “electrify” the masses. Top candidates for this leadership were Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, Jr.
  5. 1962-Jacqueline Joyner-Kersee (Track & Field) first  gained national attention by winning 4 consecutive National Junior Pentathlon Championships. She set the heptathlon world record (7,291 points) at the 1988 Olympics. In 1988, she was the first woman selected Athlete of the Year by the Sporting News. This impressive female athlete earned the U.S. record and won the World Championship for the long jump twice (1987 and 1991). In 1992, she became the first winner of back-to-back gold medals in the heptathlon event. Jackie retired from track and field, and joined one of the new women’s professional basketball leagues.
  6. 1932-Andrew Jackson Young was born on this day.
  7. 1932-African actress and singer Miriam Makeba born in Johannesburg, South Africa.
  8. 1886-University of South Carolina opened to all races. Two blacks B.A. Boseman and Francis L. Cardozo were elected to seven-man Board of Trustees.
  9. 1869-Black Regiment founded. The 38th and 41st infantry regiments were joined and became the 24th Infantry Regiment, the third of four proposed African American regiments in the U.S. Army. Following the Civil War the regiment was posted in Texas  from 1869-1880.
  10. 1865-The Freeman’s Bureau. The Freeman’s Bureau was established by Congress on March 3, 1865. The bureau was designed to protect the interests of former slaves. This included helping them to find new employment and to improve educational & health facilities. In the year that followed the bureau spent $17,000,000 establishing 4,000 schools, 100 hospitals and providing homes and food for former slaves. The Freedman’s Bureau also helped to establish Howard University in Washington in 1867. Instigated by the Radical Republicans in Congress it was named after General Oliver Howard, a civil war hero and commissioner of the Bureau of Refugees and a leading figure in the Freedman’s Bureau. Attempts by Congress to extend the powers of the Freeman’s was vetoed by President Andrew Johnson in February, 1866. This increased the conflict between Johnson and the Radical Republicans in Congress.
  11. 1865-Congress chartered Freedman’s Savings and Trust Bank with business confined to Blacks.
  12. 1863-Draft Act Passed. During the height of the Civil War Congress passed this act which mandated military service for all men between the ages of twenty and forty-five.
  13. 1852-Daniel A.P. Murray was born in Baltimore. He was an Assistant Librarian of Congress and a collector of books and pamphlets by and about black Americans.
  14. 1836-Jefferson F. Long, a merchant and tailor was born in Knoxville, Georgia. he became the first African American from Georgia elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, serving two months and 9 days.
  15. 1821-Thomas L. Jennings is the first black to be granted a patent in the United States for His technique to “dry-scour” clothes.
  16. 1820-Missouri Compromise enacted. The measure prohibited slavery to the north of southern boundary of Missouri.rodney-king-beaten